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ⓘ Ubinafsi




Ubinafsi
                                     

ⓘ Ubinafsi

Ubinafsi ni tabia ya kujipendea mno hata kutojali wengine na shida zao. Kwa tafsiri chanya zaidi ni mazoea ya kutotegemea wengine na kujifuatilia maishani.

Tabia hiyo imeanza kushika duniani baada ya maendeleo makubwa ya kiuchumi ambayo yalileta hali ya maisha ambapo watu hawakutegemeana sana.

Bila shaka ubinafsi umesaidia watu kufikiria wenyewe na labda ulichangia utendaji. Lakini pia imeleta matatizo mengi katika maisha ya jamii zote, kuanzia familia, ikizuia uenezi wa mapendo hata kuonekana kama choyo. Kwa sababu hiyo inapingwa na maadili na dini mbalimbali, hasa Ukristo.

Hata hivyo katika historia imepewa sifa na wanafalsafa na wanasiasa kadhaa. Hasa katika ustaarabu wa magharibi, wanafalsafa walisifia ubinafsi kama tunu kuu ya utamaduni wao. Hasa katika karne ya 17 mpaka ya 19, watu walishikilia ubinafsi kwenye enzi ya "falsafa ya Mwangaza".

Siku hizi nchi za magharibi zinaelezewa kama zile zenye ubinafsi zaidi. Inasemekana mara kwa mara ya kwamba watu wa magharibi wana huzuni zaidi hata mpaka mataifa hayo yanajaribu kushugulikia watu wao wasisikie upweke ama wasifikirie kujiua.

                                     

1. Marejeo

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  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo 1847. Self-Reliance. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd.