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ⓘ Georges Lemaitre




Georges Lemaitre
                                     

ⓘ Georges Lemaitre

Georges Henri Joseph Édouard Lemaître ; 17 Julai 1894 – 20 Juni 1966) alikuwa padri, mwanaastronomia na profesa wa fizikia katika Chuo Kikuu Katoliki cha Leuven nchini Ubelgiji.

Alikuwa mtaalamu wa kwanza aliyependekeza kwamba ulimwengu unapanuka na chanzo chake kilikuwa katika nafasi ndogo sana iliyopanuka ikiendelea kupanuka hadi leo. Aliita hali ya mwanzo "atomu asilia" ing. primeval atom ambamo nishati na masi yote ya ulimwengu zilikuwepo tayari.

Hivyo aliweka msingi wa nadharia ya mlipuko mkuu. Aligundua pia kanuni zilizotangazwa miaka miwili baadaye na Edwin Hubble na kujulikana kama "Kanuni za Hubble" Hubbles law na Hubble constant).

                                     

1. Maandishi yake

  • G. Lemaître, LHypothèse de latome primitif, 1946
  • G. Lemaître, The Primeval Atom - an Essay on Cosmogony, D. Van Nostrand Co, 1950.
  • G. Lemaître, Discussion sur lévolution de lunivers, 1933
  • "The Primeval Atom," in Munitz, Milton K., ed., Theories of the Universe, The Free Press, 1957.
  • Lemaître, G. 1931. "The Evolution of the Universe: Discussion". Nature 128 3234: 699–701.
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  • Lemaître, G. 1927. "Un univers homogène de masse constante et de rayon croissant rendant compte de la vitesse radiale des nébuleuses extragalactiques" in fr. Annals of the Scientific Society of Brussels 47A: 41.
Translated in: "A Homogeneous Universe of Constant Mass and Growing Radius Accounting for the Radial Velocity of Extragalactic Nebulae". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 91: 483–490. 1931.
  • G. Lemaître 1931-05-09. "The Beginning of the World from the Point of View of Quantum Theory". Nature 127 3210: 706.
. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
                                     

1.1. Maandishi yake Marejeo

  • 2009 Discovering the Expanding Universe. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-51484-2.
  • 2013 Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy Astrophysics and Space Science Library 395. Springer. ISBN 3642322530.
  • Farrell, John 2005. The Day Without Yesterday: Lemaitre, Einstein, and the Birth of Modern Cosmology. New York, NY: Thunders Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-660-5.
                                     

2. Marejeo mengine

  • Berenda, Carlton W 1951. "Notes on Lemaîtres Cosmogony". The Journal of Philosophy 48 10.
  • Farrell, John, The Day Without Yesterday: Lemaître, Einstein and the Birth of Modern Cosmology Basic Books, 2005, ISBN 978-1560256601.
  • Berger, A.L., editor, The Big Bang and Georges Lemaître: Proceedings of a Symposium in honour of G. Lemaître fifty years after his initiation of Big-Bang Cosmology, Louvain-Ia-Neuve, Belgium, 10–13 October 1983 Springer, 2013.
  • Cevasco, George A 1954. "The Universe and Abbe Lemaitre". Irish Monthly 83 969.
  • McCrea, William H. 1970. "Cosmology Today: A Review of the State of the Science with Particular Emphasis on the Contributions of Georges Lemaître". American Scientist 58 5.
  • Godart, Odon & Heller, Michal 1985 Cosmology of Lemaître, Pachart Publishing House.
  • Lambert, Dominique, The Atom of the Universe: The Life and Work of Georges Lemaître Copernicus Center Press, 2015, ISBN 978-8378860716.
  • Kragh, Helge 1970. "Georges Lemaître". In Gillispie, Charles. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York: Scribner & American Council of Learned Societies. pp. 542–543.
. Kragh.pdf.
  • Turek, Jósef. Georges Lemaître and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Specola Vaticana, 1989.


                                     

3. Viungo vya nje

  • A Day Without Yesterday: Georges Lemaître & the Big Bang
  • Donald H. Menzel, "Blast of Giant Atom Created Our Universe" Archived Agosti 31, 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Modern Mechanics December 1932
                                     
  • kugunduliwa na sayansi. Mwanzilishi mwenyewe wa nadharia hiyo alikuwa Georges Lemaitre 1894 - 1966 padre wa Kanisa Katoliki kutoka Ubelgiji. Ndiye aliyependekeza