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ⓘ Mitindo




Mitindo
                                     

ⓘ Mitindo

Mitindo ni njia ya mtu, kundi au jamii kufanya au kuwasilisha jambo kwa namna maalumu. Kwa mfano kufanya jambo harakaharaka, polepole, kwa taratibu fulanifulani na kadhalika. Halafu hiyo namna maalumu inaenea katika jamii, hasa upande wa mavazi. Mitindo inabadilikabadilika kadiri ya mahali na nyakati.

Kuna watu maalumu ambao wanabuni mitindo mipya, wanaionyesha na kuisambaza, mara nyingi kwa faida kubwa kiuchumi.

Kutokana na utandawazi, siku hizi mitindo inaenea duniani kote, hasa kutoka nchi tajiri kwenda nchi maskini, na pengine inaharibu maadili na utamaduni.

                                     

1. Marejeo

  • Steele, Valerie, Paris fashion: a cultural history, 2. ed., rev. and updated, Oxford: Berg, 1998, ISBN 978-1-85973-973-0
  • Lipovetsky, Gilles translated by Catherine Porter, The empire of fashion: dressing modern democracy, Woodstock: Princeton University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-691-10262-7
  • Steele, Valerie, Fifty years of fashion: new look to now, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000, ISBN 978-0-300-08738-3
  • Braudel, Fernand Civilization and Capitalism, 15th–18th Centuries, Vol 1: The Structures of Everyday Life," William Collins & Sons, London 1981 ISBN 0-520-08114-5
  • Kawamura, Yuniya, Fashion-ology: an introduction to Fashion Studies, Oxford and New York: Berg, 2005, ISBN 1-85973-814-1
  • McDermott, Kathleen, Style for all: why fashion, invented by kings, now belongs to all of us An illustrated history, 2010, ISBN 978-0-557-51917-0 - Many hand-drawn color illustrations, extensive annotated bibliography and reading guide
  • Cumming, Valerie: Understanding Fashion History, Costume & Fashion Press, 2004, ISBN 0-89676-253-X
  • Breward, Christopher, The culture of fashion: a new history of fashionable dress, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003, ISBN 978-0-7190-4125-9
  • Hollander, Anne, Fabric of vision: dress and drapery in painting, London: National Gallery, 2002, ISBN 978-0-300-09419-0
  • Hollander, Anne, Seeing through clothes, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993, ISBN 978-0-520-08231-1
  • Cabrera, Ana, and Lesley Miller. "Genio y Figura. La influencia de la cultura española en la moda." Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture 13.1 2009: 103–110
  • Steele, Valerie, Encyclopedia of clothing and fashion, Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2005
  • Perrot, Philippe translated by Richard Bienvenu, Fashioning the bourgeoisie: a history of clothing in the nineteenth century, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994, ISBN 978-0-691-00081-7
  • Hollander, Anne, Feeding the eye: essays, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1999, ISBN 978-0-374-28201-1
  • Hollander, Anne, Sex and suits: the evolution of modern dress, New York: Knopf, 1994, ISBN 978-0-679-43096-4