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ⓘ Uongofu




Uongofu
                                     

ⓘ Uongofu

Uongofu ni tendo la hiari la mtu la kubadilika upande wa dini au wa madhehebu, lakini pia upande wa maadili ili kuishi vizuri zaidi. Uamuzi huo unaleta matokeo mengi, pengine makubwa katika maisha ya mhusika na jamii yake. Si wote wanafurahia uamuzi huo, hivyo pengine mtu atapatwa na dhuluma za namna mbalimbali.

Tamko la kimataifa la haki za binadamu n. 18 linasema: "Kila mmoja ana haki ya kuwa huru katika kuwaza, kufuata dhamiri yake na dini; haki hiyo inajumlisha haki ya kubadili dini au imani, na uhuru katika kujulisha, peke yake au pamoja na wengine, hadharani na katika mahusiano binafsi, dini yake au imani yake katika kufundisha, kutenda, kuabudu na kushika taratibu za ibada."

Pengine tendo la kubadilika linatazamwa upande hasi na kuitwa uasi na watu wa dini au madhehebu ambayo mhusika ameachana nayo.

Vilevile juhudi za kuongoa watu kama umisionari zinaweza kutazamwa upande hasi na kupingwa hata na sheria au serikali.

Ndiyo sababu mara nyingine ni vigumu kutekeleza vizuri hiyo haki ya binadamu.

                                     

1. Marejeo

  • Barker, Eileen The Making of a Moonie: Choice or Brainwashing? 1984
  • Curtin, Phillip D. Cross-Cultural Trade in World History. Cambridge University Press, 1984.
  • Jain, Vijay K. 2011, Tattvârthsûtra 1st ed., Uttarakhand India: Vikalp Printers, ISBN 978-81-903639-2-1, Non-Copyright
  • James, William, The varieties of religious experience: a study in human nature. Being the Gifford lectures on natural religion delivered at Edinburgh in 1901–1902; Longmans, Green & Co, New York 1902
  • Hoiberg, Dale, and Indu Ramachandran. Students Britannica India. Popular Prakashan, 2000.
  • Cooper, Richard S. "The Assessment and Collection of Kharaj Tax in Medieval Egypt" Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 96, No. 3. Jul–Sep., 1976, pp. 365–382.
  • Rambo, Lewis R., & Farhadian, Charles. Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion. Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Sangave, Vilas Adinath 2001, Aspects of Jaina religion 3rd ed., Bharatiya Jnanpith, ISBN 81-263-0626-2
  • Idris, Gaefar, Sheikh. The Process of Islamization. Plainfield, Ind.: Muslim Students Association of the U.S. and Canada, 1977. vi, 20 p. Without ISBN
  • Morris, Harold C., and Lin M. Morris. "Power and purpose: Correlates to conversion." Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, Vol 154, Nov–Dec 1978, 15–22.
  • Rambo, Lewis R. Understanding Religious Conversion. Yale University Press, 1993.
  • Ramstedt, Martin. Hinduism in Modern Indonesia: A Minority Religion Between Local, National, and Global Interests. Routledge, 2004.
  • Vasu, Srisa Chandra 1919, The Catechism Of Hindu Dharma, New York: Kessinger Publishing, LLC
  • Rawat, Ajay S. StudentMan and Forests: The Khatta and Gujjar Settlements of Sub-Himalayan Tarai. Indus Publishing, 1993.
  • Barrett, D. V. The New Believers: A survey of sects, cults and alternative religions 2001 UK, Cassell & Co ISBN 0-304-35592-5
  • Buckser, A. S. and S. D. Glazier. eds. The Anthropology of Religious Conversion Roman and Littlefield,2003
                                     

2. Viungo vya nje

  • Conference on Religious and Philosophical Conversion in the Ancient Mediterranean
  • "Conversion: A Family Affair", Craig Harline, Berfrois, 4 October 2011