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ⓘ Lugha za Kiumbria




Lugha za Kiumbria
                                     

ⓘ Lugha za Kiumbria

Lugha za Kiumbria ni jina la kundi la lugha za kale zilizotumika hasa katikati na kusini mwa rasi ya Italia. Kundi hilo linaainishwa kama mojawapo kati ya yale ya lugha za Kihindi-Kiulaya.

Zote zilikoma kufikia mwanzo wa milenia ya 1 BK kwa kuzidiwa na Kilatini.

                                     

1. Marejeo mengine

  • Beeler, Madison S. 1952. "The relation of Latin and Osco-Umbrian." Language 28: 435–43.
  • Baldi, Philip. 2002. The foundations of Latin. Berlin: de Gruyter.
  • Dupraz, Emmanuel. 2012. Sabellian Demonstratives: Forms and Functions. Leiden: Brill.
  • Mercado, Angelo. 2012. Italic Verse: A Study of the Poetic Remains of Old Latin, Faliscan, and Sabellic. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck.
  • - - - -. 1966. "The interrelationships within Italic." In Ancient Indo-European dialects: Proceedings of the Conference on Indo-European Linguistics held at the University of California, Los Angeles, April 25–27, 1963. Edited by Henrik Birnbaum and Jaan Puhvel, 51–58. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
  • de Vaan, Michiel. 2008. Etymological dictionary of Latin and the other Italic languages. Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series 7. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
  • Poultney, James. 1951. "Volscians and Umbrians." American Journal of Philology 72: 113–27.
  • Clackson, James. 2015. "Subgrouping in the Sabellian Branch of Indo‐European." Transactions of the Philological Society 113 1: 4–37.
  • Coleman, Robert. 1986. "The Central Italic languages in the period of the Roman expansion." Transactions of the Philological Society 841: 100–131.
  • Weiss, Michael L. 2010. Language and Ritual In Sabellic Italy: The Ritual Complex of the Third and the Fourth Tabulae Iguvinae. Leiden: Brill.
  • Buck, Carl Darling. 1928. A grammar of Oscan and Umbrian, with a collection of inscriptions and a glossary. 2nd edition. Boston: Ginn.
  • Tikkanen, Karin. 2009. A comparative grammar of Latin and the Sabellian languages: The system of case syntax. PhD diss., Uppsala Univ.
  • Woodard, Roger D. 2008. The Ancient Languages of Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Adams, Douglas Q., and James P. Mallory. 1997. "Italic languages." In The encyclopedia of Indo-European culture. Edited by James P. Mallory and Douglas Q. Adams, 314–19. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn.
                                     
  • Kikurdi Lugha za Kinuristani Lugha za Kiitalia Lugha za Kirumi k.m. Kilatini Kiitalia, Kifaransa, Kihispania, Kireno, Kiromania Lugha za Kiumbria Lugha