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ⓘ Chuki




Chuki
                                     

ⓘ Chuki

Chuki, kinyume cha pendo, ni hali ya mtu au kikundi cha watu kutopenda kitu fulani.

Mfano watu wema hawapendi uovu, kwa hiyo wana chuki na uovu. Chuki hiyo ni nzuri, kwa kuwa inajenga jamii.

Lakini mara nyingine chuki inalenga watu kwa misingi mbalimbali: ya binafsi, ya uchumi, ya siasa, ya jinsia, ya dini, ya asili n.k.

Inaweza ikatokana na kijicho na kuishia katika mauaji hata ya halaiki, kama vile mauaji ya kimbari. Hapo inaonekana wazi kuwa mbaya, hata pengine ya kishetani.

                                     

1. Marejeo

  • The Globalisation of Hate, eds. Jennifer Schweppe and Mark Walters, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Prisoners of Hate: The Cognitive Basis of Anger, Hostility, and Violence by Aaron T. Beck
  • The Psychology of Good and Evil: Why Children, Adults, and Groups Help and Harm Others by Ervin Staub
  • The Psychology of Hate by Robert Sternberg Ed.
  • Why We Hate by Jack Levin
  • Ethnolinguistics and Cultural Concepts: truth, love, hate & war, by James W. Underhill, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hatred: The Psychological Descent into Violence by Willard Gaylin
  • Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing by James Waller
  • "Hatred as an Attitude", by Thomas Brudholm in Philosophical Papers 39, 2010.